The perception that certain body cavities and spaces that are heavily inhabited by micro-organisms should be regarded as external to the body function is no longer valid. Extensive research during recent years has demonstrated the importance of those microbes to normal physiology, which means that the human body and those tiny organisms are actually symbiotic. The major point of interaction between the human body and the microbiome is the gut. There are also gender-specific aspects for this symbiosis: bacterial vaginosis has serious implications for female morbidity, including reports of pelvic inflammatory disease, adverse pregnancy outcomes, increased susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections and infertility. Re-establishing a normal flora might be beneficial and therefore the use of probiotics and re-colonization by healthy bacteria have become very popular. Probiotics may serve as an adjunct for treating recurrences of urogenital infections and vaginal atrophy. Some animal studies have pointed at potential beneficial effects of Lactobacilli species on bone health.
- BONE HEALTH
- VAGINAL HEALTH