Microalbuminuria: Prognostic and Therapeutic Implications in Diabetic and Hypertensive Pregnancy

J. Bar*, Moshe Hod, A. Erman, S. Friedman, Y. Ovadia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Microalbuminuria is defined as urinary excretion of albumin that is persistently above normal, although below the sensitivity of conventional semiquantative test strips. Several studies have reported that Type 1 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria are apparently more likely to develop diabetic nephropathy eventually progressing to renal failure. Microalbuminuria is also a strong predictor of mortality in Type 2 diabetes, and is correlated with increased blood pressure in patients with benign essential hypertension. Radioimmunoassay revealed a significantly higher urinary albumin excretion rate in normal pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy, compared to the second and first, and compared to non‐pregnant women. Microalbuminuria was found in 30% of women who had a record of gestational diabetes mellitus. Published results are controversial regarding the assumption that microalbuminuria is an early predictor of pregnancy‐induced hypertensive complications. 1995 Diabetes UK

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-656
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1995


  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Microalbuminuria
  • Pregnancy


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