Methods of thermal field measurements

Lev Eppelbaum*, Izzy Kutasov, Arkady Pilchin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In the early days of geothermics, temperature measurements were made mainly in soil, underground water, mines, tunnels, draw-wells, shafts and caves. Temperature was measured with various air, water and alcohol thermometers with inaccuratescales. The measurements were often inaccurate and not compatible. Relatively precise graduated mercury and alcohol thermometers with conventional scales have only been used since the middle of the 18th century. Today, geophysical temperature devices can register temperature values with an accuracy of 0.001 °C and higher. This Chapter contains a scheme of different types of thermal observations in applied geophysics and their short description.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Earth System Sciences
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Earth System Sciences
ISSN (Print)2193-8571
ISSN (Electronic)2193-858X


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