Metasurface-based contact lenses for color vision deficiency

Sharon Karepov*, Tal Ellenbogen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We embed large-scale, plasmonic metasurfaces into off-the-shelf rigid gas permeable contact lenses and study their ability to serve as visual aids for color vision deficiency. In this study, we specifically address deuteranomaly, which is the most common class of color vision deficiency. This condition is caused by a redshift of the medium-type cone photoreceptor and leads to ambiguity in the color perception of red and green and their combinations. The effect of the metasurface-based contact lenses on the color perception was simulated using Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (CIE) color spaces and conventional models of the human color-sensitive photoreceptors. Comparison between normal color vision and uncorrected and corrected deuteranomaly by the proposed element demonstrates the ability offered by the nanostructured contact lens to shift back incorrectly perceived pigments closer to the original pigments. The maximal improvement in the color perception error before and after the proposed correction for deuteranomaly is up to a factor of ∼ 10. In addition, an Ishihara-based color test was also simulated, showing the contrast restoration achieved by the element, for deuteranomaly conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1382
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2020


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