Metamorphosis in psychotherapy: End of the systems era

H. Omer, P. London

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The psychotherapeutic world was once compartmentalized into a few dominant systems or schools such as psychoanalysis, behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, with little dialogue between them. The order was undermined by a proliferation of treatments, by repeated findings showing all systems to be about equally effective, and by a wave of skepticism in which leading figures of each school criticized their own system's major assumptions. This wave of self-criticism is reviewed, and current attempts to reorganize the field are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-184
Number of pages14
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


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