Metabolism of guanine and guanine nucleotides in primary rat cardiomyocyte cultures

Esther Zorefshani, Chaim Shirin, Yechezkel Sidi, Yael Bromberg, Oded Sperling

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The metabolic fate of labeled guanine and of prelabeled guanine nucleotides (GuRN) was studied in cultured rat cardiomyocytes. Special attention was given to guanine salvage in comparison to degradation; to the contribution of GuRN to adenine nucleotides (AdRN); to the fluxes from GMP to IMP and from IMP to GMP; and to the degradation pathways of GuRN. In accordance with the 3- to 4-fold higher activity of guanine deaminase (guanase), in comparison to that of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT), the rate of guanine deamination to xanthine exceeded that of guanine incorporation into nucleotides (at 4 μM) by 13.2-fold. The label from guanine incorporated into nucleotides was found mainly (81%) in GuRN, but also in IMP and AdRN. The prelabeled GuRN lost 43% of the label in 4 h, reflecting mainly degradation to xanthine (and uric acid) and synthesis of nucleic acids. Blocking nucleoside degradation was associated with a marked accumulation of label in guanosine sine and inosine (guanosine/inosine labeling ratio is 1.25). The results indicate that in the myocardium guanine is a poor substrate for salvage synthesis of GuRN and that its contribution to the homeostasis of adenine nucleotides is negligible; that GMP degradation to xanthine proceeds through both guanosine and IMP; and that the cardiomyocytes contain the activity of GMP reductase and of the enzymes converting IMP to GMP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-155
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Molecular Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1995


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