Metabolic disorder of pregnancy (understanding pathophysiology of diabetes and preeclampsia)

Liat Salzer, Kinneret Tenenbaum-Gavish, Moshe Hod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of insulin resistance in human disease is implicated in the pathogenesis of some of the chief western chronic diseases: ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and essential hypertension. The occurrence of these diseases, alongside obesity, is termed the metabolic syndrome. Pregnancy is normally attended by progressive insulin resistance that begins near mide pregnancy and progresses through the third trimester to levels that approximate the insulin resistance seen in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia may be the basic common ground for the metabolic syndrome of pregnancy e elevated blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. Moreover, the metabolic syndrome is also associated with endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and attenuated inflammatory responses. In this review, we discuss the development of insulin resistance during pregnancy, hormones and newly discovered factors associated with insulin resistance and secretion, lipid metabolism, and the pathogenesis of hypertension during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-338
Number of pages11
JournalBest Practice and Research in Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Gestational hypertension
  • Insulin resistance
  • Obesity
  • Pathogenesis

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