Metabolic and inherited connective tissue disorders involving the lung

Gail Amir, Annick Raas-Rothschild

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Lung involvement presenting in the course of metabolic disorders is usually overshadowed by features of the underlying disease. Pulmonary involvement is rarely the initial presenting feature. This constitutes a diagnostic challenge, particularly in adults, since the changes on biopsy are frequently nonspecific and a diagnosis of metabolic lung disease may not be considered. The pulmonary pathologist needs to be aware of the repertoire of lung pathology in these diseases to facilitate early diagnosis. This is ever more important, not only for genetic counseling but also for prompt therapy. Lysosomal storage diseases Lysosomal storage diseases constitute a group of inherited disorders characterized by lack of a protein essential for normal lysosomal function. As a consequence, substrate accumulates in cells of various organs. Marked phenotypic heterogeneity characterizes many of these diseases with regard to age of onset, severity of symptoms and organs affected including the central nervous system (CNS). In many metabolic diseases the lungs are involved and in some cases the pulmonary involvement is significant. These usually present with interstitial infiltration, airways obstruction or pulmonary hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpencer's Pathology of the Lung, Sixth Edition
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages409-438
Number of pages30
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9781139018760
ISBN (Print)9781107024342
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

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