Meta-Analysis of IBD Gut Samples Gene Expression Identifies Specific Markers of Ileal and Colonic Diseases

Kevin Perez, Marjolaine Ngollo, Keren Rabinowitz, Nassim Hammoudi, Philippe Seksik, Ramnik J. Xavier, Mark J. Daly, Iris Dotan, Lionel Le Bourhis, Matthieu Allez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are characterized by chronic inflammation and tissue damages in limited segments of the digestive tract. Pathogenesis in the tissue and mucosal inflammation probably differs according to disease location. Our aim was to further analyze transcriptomic profiles in different locations of IBD, differentiating ulcerative colitis (UC), colonic Crohn's disease (CD), ileal CD, and pouchitis, with respect to normal colonic and ileal mucosa. We thus performed a meta-analysis focusing on specific transcriptomic signatures of ileal and colonic diseases. Methods: We identified 5 cohorts with available transcriptomic data in ileal or colonic samples from active IBD and non-IBD control samples. The meta-analysis was performed on 1047 samples. In each cohort separately, we compared gene expression in CD ileitis and normal ileum; in CD colitis, UC, and normal colon; and finally in pouchitis and normal ileum. Results: We identified specific markers of ileal (FOLH1, CA2) and colonic (REG3A) inflammation and showed that, with disease, some cells from the ileum start to express colonic markers. We confirmed by immunohistochemistry that these markers were specifically present in ileal or colonic diseases. We highlighted that, overall, colonic CD resembles UC and is distinct from ileal CD, which is in turn closer to pouchitis. Conclusions: We demonstrated that ileal and colonic diseases exhibit specific signatures, independent of their initial clinical classification. This supports molecular, rather than clinical, disease stratification, and may be used to design drugs specifically targeting ileal or colonic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-782
Number of pages8
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2022


  • IBD
  • disease location
  • meta-analysis
  • transcriptome


Dive into the research topics of 'Meta-Analysis of IBD Gut Samples Gene Expression Identifies Specific Markers of Ileal and Colonic Diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this