Mesoγ-scale distribution of orographic precipitation: numerical study and comparison with precipitation derived from radar measurements

P. Alpert, H. Shafir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

On the assumption that moisture convergence due to mechanical uplifting approximately equals the orographic precipitation, the mesoγ-scale rainfall distributions over mountainous regions in Israel are investigated. The simulated distributions are compared to rainfall observations both from raingages and from radar reflectivities. The mean error in the predicted rainfall on scale of 2 km was ±8.4% for mean annual normals and 15%-20% for three case studies. It is suggested that orographic rainfall on the small mesoscale is highly predictable with the adiabatic assumption that the uplifting is determined by V.∇Zs, where V is the horizontal wind encountering the mountain and Zs is the topographic elevation. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1117
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

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