Mental health nurse's exposure to workplace violence leads to job stress, which leads to reduced professional quality of life

Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress. The results showed that during the last year, almost all nurses (88.6%) experienced verbal violence, and more than half (56.1%) experienced physical violence. Only 2.6% experienced no violence. ProQOL was not associated with violence exposure but was reduced by work stress and by previous exposure to violence; nurses who perceived their work as more stressful had lower satisfaction from their work. In conclusion, although most mental health nurses are exposed to physical and verbal violence, their ProQOL is more related to job stress than to workplace violence (WPV). Hospital managements should conduct work stress reduction intervention programs and promote strategizes to reduce WPV. Further exploration of (a) factors affecting ProQOL and (b) the effect of violence coping workshops on ProQOL is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume9
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Compassion fatigue
  • Compassion satisfaction
  • Job stress
  • Mental health nurses
  • Professional quality of life
  • Workplace violence

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