Memory functioning was contrasted in 40 schizophrenic patients with and without tardive dyskinesia (TD). Visual and verbal memory tests were used to investigate specific types of impairments. The presence of TD was ascertained using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). TD patients scored significantly lower than non-TD patients on two measures of visual learning, though no differences were found for verbal learning or immediate recall. These results are consistent with previous reports that schizophrenic patients with TD demonstrate impaired cognitive functioning. They also raise the possibility that the neurochemical and structural changes underlying TD may produce specific deficits in memory for visual materials. In addition, a significant relationship was found between total score on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and performance on all of the test measures included in the cognitive test battery. This demonstrates the importance of attending to the overall level of schizophrenic symptomatology when evaluating results from experimental learning tasks.