Membrane interactions of a constitutively Active GFP-Ki-Ras 4B and their role in signaling evidence from lateral mobility studies

Hagit Niv, Orit Gutman, Yoav I. Henis, Yoel Kloog*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Membrane anchorage of Ras proteins in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane is an important factor in their signaling and oncogenic potential. Despite these important roles, the precise mode of Ras-membrane interactions is not yet understood. It is especially important to characterize these interactions at the surface of intact cells. To investigate Ras-membrane interactions in live cells, we employed studies on the lateral mobility of a constitutively active Ras isoform to characterize its membrane dynamics, and examined the effects of the Ras-displacing antagonist S-trans, trans- farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS) (Haklai, R., Gana-Weisz, M., Elad, G., Paz, A., Marciano, D., Egozi, Y., Ben-Baruch, G., and Kloog, Y. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 1306-1314) on these parameters. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) was fused to the N terminus of constitutively active Ki-Ras 4B(12V) to generate GFP-Ki-Ras(12V). When stably expressed in Rat-1 cells, this protein was preferentially localized to the plasma membrane and displayed transforming activity. The lateral mobility studies demonstrated that GFP- Ki-Ras(12V) undergoes fast lateral diffusion at the plasma membrane, rather than exchange between membrane-bound and unbound states. Treatment of the cells with FTS had a biphasic effect on GFP-Ki-Ras(12V) lateral mobility. At the initial phase, the lateral diffusion rate of GFP-Ki-Ras(12V) was elevated, suggesting that it is released from some constraints on its lateral mobility. This was followed by dislodgment of the protein into the cytoplasm, and a reduction in the diffusion rate of the fraction of GFP-KiRas(12V) that remained associated with the plasma membrane. Control experiments with other S-prenyl analogs showed that these effects are specific for FTS. These results have implications for the interactions of Ki-Ras with specific membrane anchorage domains or sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1606-1613
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 15 Jan 1999


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