Melatonin prevents T lymphocyte infiltration to the kidneys of hypertensive rats, induced by a high-salt diet, by preventing the expression of CXCR3 ligand chemokines

Ariel Bier, Rawan Khashab, Yehonatan Sharabi, Ehud Grossman, Avshalom Leibowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a previous study, we demonstrated that melatonin prevents kidney damage in a salt-induced hypertension model by decreasing oxidative stress. We hypothesized that this effect involves melatonin’s immunomodulatory properties. In vivo Study-Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) rats were fed normal chow, a high-salt diet (HSD), or a HSD and melatonin (30 mg/kg/day) in their water for eight weeks. Kidneys were harvested for immediate lymphocyte isolation and characterization by Flow cytometry (CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+) and for lymphocyte chemoattractant (mainly CXCL chemokines) gene expression studies. In vitro study-rat mesangial cells (RMC) were cultured in a high-salt medium without and with melatonin. A HSD was associated with significant renal infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes compared to control. Melatonin significantly reduced renal lymphocyte infiltration. A HSD significantly increased mRNA expression of CXCL chemokines. Adding melatonin to the HSD abolished this effect. Treating RMC cells with salt increased the expression of CXCL10 and CXCL11 but not CXCL9. Adding melatonin to the culture media prevented this increase. Treating HSD-fed rats with melatonin decreased renal lymphocyte chemoattractant mRNA expression and is associated with significantly reducing renal T lymphocyte infiltration. Salt may have a direct effect on chemokine-producing renal cells, which is blunted by melatonin treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3577
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • CXCL 10
  • CXCL 11
  • CXCL 9
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney
  • Melatonin
  • Salt
  • T-lymphocytes

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