Medical correlates of agitation in nursing home residents

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield*, Nathan Billig, Steven Lipson, Alvin S. Rosenthal, L. Gregory Pawlson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between agitation and medical and psychiatric diagnoses. Agitation marked by aggressive behaviors (e.g.. hit, kick) was related to dementia and impairments in activities of daily living. Physically nonaggressive behaviors (e.g.. pacing, disrobing inappropriately) correlated with cognitive impairment, fewer medical diagnoses, and absence of a hearing loss. Verbally agitated behaviors (e.g., constant complaints) were manifested by residents with more physical diagnoses, mental disease (other than schizophrenia and affective disorders), more reported pain, and higher cognitive functioning than the population as a whole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalGerontology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Institute of Mental HealthR01MH040758

    Keywords

    • Agitation
    • Dementia
    • Nursing home

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