Medical aspects of the lacrimator CS

Arik Eisenkraft, Eyal Robenshtok, Shai Luria, Ariel Hourvitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Since the 1960's, CS has become the main riot control agent in use by police and army forces throughout the world. The first post-exposure symptom is a burning sensation in the eyes, nose and throat. At a later stage, lacrimation, rhinorrhea, conjunctivitis, sore throat and salivation appear. These symptoms are followed by chest pain and dry cough, and if the substance is swallowed, it may cause nausea and vomiting. This article reviews the physical properties of CS, the main dispersing techniques, the clinical signs and symptoms of exposure, including information on mutagenicity, carcinogenesis, pregnancy safety, and will introduce guidelines for treatment after exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-468+483-484
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003


  • CS
  • Dispersing techniques
  • Harassing agents
  • Respiratory injury
  • Skin injury
  • Tear gas


Dive into the research topics of 'Medical aspects of the lacrimator CS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this