Medial side instability and reconstruction

Iftach Hetsroni*, Robert G. Marx, Gideon Mann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The primary structure that provides stability to the medial side of the knee during valgus loads is the medial collateral ligament (MCL) complex. In this chapter key anatomy of this ligament is reviewed, a stepwise clinical assessment to recognize medial side instability is suggested, and surgical techniques to address medial instability are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSports Injuries
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783642365690
ISBN (Print)9783642365683
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


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