Mechanism of protection from graft-vs-host disease in murine mixed allogeneic chimeras. I. Development of a null population suppressive of cell-mediated lympholysis responses and derived from the syngeneic bone marrow component

M. Sykes, A. Eisenthal, D. H. Sachs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Splenocyte populations from whole body-irradiated recipients of mixed T cell-depleted (TCD) syngeneic and allogeneic (complete H-2 disparity) bone marrow, or of TCD syngeneic marrow alone, contain cells with the ability to suppress the generation of cell-mediated lympholysis responses in vitro. This activity, which is present by 8 days after bone marrow transplantation and persists for several weeks, has been analyzed for possible veto-like or other specificity. Although reproducible patterns of suppression were observed, depending both on host strain and on the genetic combination of the response examined, the overall suppression in vitro most closely resembles that which has been ascribed to 'natural suppressor' cells in other systems. The suppression appears to be mediated by a non-T cell, non-B cell, nonadherent, asialo GM1-negative population. Cold target inhibition and CTL activity of chimeric cells have been ruled out as factors contributing to the observed suppression. Significantly, in mixed chimeras, suppression was found to be mediated exclusively by cells which were syngeneic to the recipient in both recipient strains tested. The rapid development of this suppressive activity may explain the resistance to graft-vs-host disease conferred on whole body-irradiated mice by the addition of TCD syngeneic marrow to an allogeneic graft-vs-host disease-producing inoculum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2903-2911
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume140
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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