Measuring Contrast Sensitivity in Specific Areas of Vision–A Meaningful Way to Assess Quality of Life and Ability to Perform Daily Activities in Glaucoma

Hamoon Eshraghi, Carina T. Sanvicente, Priyanka Gogte, Michael Waisbourd, Daniel Lee, Remy R.S. Manzi, Benjamin E. Leiby, Jesse Richman, Sheryl S. Wizov, George L. Spaeth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate: 1) the impact of reduced contrast sensitivity (CS) in specific areas of vision on subjective assessment of vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) and objective performance-based measures in patients with primary open-angle, primary angle-closure, and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma; and 2) correlations between measurements of contrast sensitivity (CS) in specific areas of vision and visual field (VF) tests. Methods: The Spaeth/Richman Contrast Sensitivity Test (SPARCS) measured CS in the inferior, superior, and central areas, while the Pelli–Robson test measured central CS. Visual fields were tested in participants using standard-automated perimetry. The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) assessed VRQoL, and the Compressed Assessment of Ability Related to Vision (CAARV) assessed vision-related performance. Results: Three hundred and twenty-two eyes of 161 participants were included in our analysis. Significant correlations were found between CS and VF scores in the inferior, central, and superior areas (P <.0001 for all). Significant correlations were found between SPARCS scores in the inferior areas in both eyes and most CAARV scores (P <.05). Significant correlations were also found between SPARCS scores in the inferior and superior areas in the worse eye and most NEI-VFQ −25 scores (P <.05). Conclusion: Contrast sensitivity and VF scores significantly correlated in all tested areas. Reduced CS in the inferior areas of both eyes affected most performance-based measures. Measurement of CS areas using SPARCS is a meaningful way to assess VRQoL and ability to perform daily activities in participants with glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-310
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Contrast Sensitivity
  • glaucoma
  • quality of Life

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring Contrast Sensitivity in Specific Areas of Vision–A Meaningful Way to Assess Quality of Life and Ability to Perform Daily Activities in Glaucoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this