Measurements of the performance of a beam condition monitor prototype in a 5 GeV electron beam

M. Hempel, K. Afanaciev, P. Burtowy, A. Dabrowski, H. Henschel, M. Idzik, O. Karacheban, W. Lange, J. Leonard, I. Levy, W. Lohmann, B. Pollak, D. Przyborowski, V. Ryjov, S. Schuwalow, D. Stickland, R. Walsh, A. Zagozdzinska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Fast Beam Conditions Monitor, BCM1F, in the Compact Muon Solenoid, CMS, experiment was operated since 2008 and delivered invaluable information on the machine induced background in the inner part of the CMS detector supporting a safe operation of the inner tracker and high quality data. Due to the shortening of the time between two bunch crossings from 50 ns to 25 ns and higher expected luminosity at the Large Hadron Collider, LHC, in 2015, BCM1F needed an upgrade to higher bandwidth. In addition, BCM1F is used as an on-line luminometer operated independently of CMS. To match these requirements, the number of single crystal diamond sensors was enhanced from 8 to 24. Each sensor is subdivided into two pads, leading to 48 readout channels. Dedicated fast front-end ASICs were developed in 130 nm technology, and the back-end electronics is completely upgraded. An assembled prototype BCM1F detector comprising sensors, a fast front-end ASIC and optical analog readout was studied in a 5 GeV electron beam at the DESY-II accelerator. Results on the performance are given.

Keywords

  • Beam monitoring
  • CMS
  • Detector
  • Diamond
  • Luminosity

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