Measurement of the charged-pion polarizability

C. Adolph, R. Akhunzyanov, M. G. Alexeev, G. D. Alexeev, A. Amoroso, V. Andrieux, V. Anosov, A. Austregesilo, B. Badełek, F. Balestra, J. Barth, G. Baum, R. Beck, Y. Bedfer, A. Berlin, J. Bernhard, K. Bicker, J. Bieling, R. Birsa, J. BisplinghoffM. Bodlak, M. Boer, P. Bordalo, F. Bradamante, C. Braun, A. Bressan, M. Büchele, E. Burtin, L. Capozza, M. Chiosso, S. U. Chung, A. Cicuttin, M. Colantoni, M. L. Crespo, Q. Curiel, S. Dalla Torre, S. S. Dasgupta, S. Dasgupta, Yu Denisov, A. M. Dinkelbach, S. V. Donskov, N. Doshita, V. Duic, W. Dünnweber, M. Dziewiecki, A. Efremov, C. Elia, P. D. Eversheim, W. Eyrich, M. Faessler, A. Ferrero, A. Filin, M. Finger, M. Finger, H. Fischer, C. Franco, N. Du Fresne Von Hohenesche, J. M. Friedrich, V. Frolov, F. Gautheron, O. P. Gavrichtchouk, S. Gerassimov, R. Geyer, I. Gnesi, B. Gobbo, S. Goertz, M. Gorzellik, S. Grabmüller, A. Grasso, B. Grube, T. Grussenmeyer, A. Guskov, T. Guthörl, F. Haas, D. Von Harrach, D. Hahne, R. Hashimoto, F. H. Heinsius, F. Herrmann, F. Hinterberger, C. H. Höppner, N. Horikawa, N. D'Hose, S. Huber, S. Ishimoto, A. Ivanov, Yu Ivanshin, T. Iwata, R. Jahn, V. Jary, P. Jasinski, P. Jörg, R. Joosten, E. Kabuß, B. Ketzer, G. V. Khaustov, Yu A. Khokhlov, Yu Kisselev, F. Klein, K. Klimaszewski, J. H. Koivuniemi, V. N. Kolosov, K. Kondo, K. Königsmann, I. Konorov, V. F. Konstantinov, A. M. Kotzinian, O. Kouznetsov, M. Krämer, Z. V. Kroumchtein, N. Kuchinski, R. Kuhn, F. Kunne, K. Kurek, R. P. Kurjata, A. A. Lednev, A. Lehmann, M. Levillain, S. Levorato, J. Lichtenstadt, A. Maggiora, A. Magnon, N. Makke, G. K. Mallot, C. Marchand, A. Martin, J. Marzec, J. Matousek, H. Matsuda, T. Matsuda, G. Meshcheryakov, W. Meyer, T. Michigami, Yu V. Mikhailov, Y. Miyachi, M. A. Moinester, A. Nagaytsev, T. Nagel, F. Nerling, S. Neubert, D. Neyret, V. I. Nikolaenko, J. Novy, W. D. Nowak, A. S. Nunes, A. G. Olshevsky, I. Orlov, M. Ostrick, R. Panknin, D. Panzieri, B. Parsamyan, S. Paul, D. Peshekhonov, S. Platchkov, J. Pochodzalla, V. A. Polyakov, J. Pretz, M. Quaresma, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, C. Regali, G. Reicherz, E. Rocco, N. S. Rossiyskaya, D. I. Ryabchikov, A. Rychter, V. D. Samoylenko, A. Sandacz, S. Sarkar, I. A. Savin, G. Sbrizzai, P. Schiavon, C. Schill, T. Schlüter, K. Schmidt, H. Schmieden, K. Schönning, S. Schopferer, M. Schott, O. Yu Shevchenko, L. Silva, L. Sinha, S. Sirtl, M. Slunecka, S. Sosio, F. Sozzi, A. Srnka, L. Steiger, M. Stolarski, M. Sulc, R. Sulej, H. Suzuki, A. Szabelski, T. Szameitat, P. Sznajder, S. Takekawa, J. Ter Wolbeek, S. Tessaro, F. Tessarotto, F. Thibaud, S. Uhl, I. Uman, M. Virius, L. Wang, T. Weisrock, M. Wilfert, R. Windmolders, H. Wollny, K. Zaremba, M. Zavertyaev, E. Zemlyanichkina, M. Ziembicki, A. Zink

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Abstract

The COMPASS collaboration at CERN has investigated pion Compton scattering, π-γ→π-γ, at center-of-mass energy below 3.5 pion masses. The process is embedded in the reaction π-Ni→π-γNi, which is initiated by 190 GeV pions impinging on a nickel target. The exchange of quasireal photons is selected by isolating the sharp Coulomb peak observed at smallest momentum transfers, Q2<0.0015(GeV/c)2. From a sample of 63000 events, the pion electric polarizability is determined to be απ=(2.0±0.6stat±0.7syst)×10-4fm3 under the assumption απ=-βπ, which relates the electric and magnetic dipole polarizabilities. It is the most precise measurement of this fundamental low-energy parameter of strong interaction that has been addressed since long by various methods with conflicting outcomes. While this result is in tension with previous dedicated measurements, it is found in agreement with the expectation from chiral perturbation theory. An additional measurement replacing pions by muons, for which the cross-section behavior is unambiguously known, was performed for an independent estimate of the systematic uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062002
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume114
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2015

Funding

FundersFunder number
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Fuel Cycle Technologies
Israel Science Foundation
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science London
Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
Neurosurgical Research Foundation
Seventh Framework Programme283286
Seventh Framework Programme

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