Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p +Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

ATLAS Collaboration

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Abstract

A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024904
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Feb 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Not addedST/N000447/1
CEA-DSM
Cantons of Bern and Geneva
Czech Republic
DNSRCIN2P3-CNRS
EU-ESF
IRFU
MES of Russia
MESTD
MIZŠ
MNE
MSMT
MSSR
RGC
Région Auvergne
VSC CR
Wallenberg Foundation
National Science Foundation1624739, 1613294
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
CRC Health Group
Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (COLCIENCIAS)
Ontario Innovation Trust
Canarie
H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
Biomedical Research Foundation
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
CERN
Compute Canada
Glycemic Index Foundation
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Research Council Canada
Canada Council for the Arts
Canada Foundation for Innovation
Science and Technology Facilities CouncilST/J005533/1, ST/N000307/1, ST/N000331/1, ST/H001158/2, GRIDPP, ST/N000404/1, PP/E000452/1, ST/J004804/1, ST/H001158/1, 1653101, ST/K001329/1, ST/N000277/1, 1668509
Science and Technology Facilities Council
Leverhulme Trust
Royal Society
European Research Council
Australian Research Council
Neurosurgical Research Foundation
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India
Singapore Eye Research Institute
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
Minerva Foundation
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Danmarks Grundforskningsfond
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Austrian Science Fund
Generalitat de Catalunya
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica
Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
Generalitat Valenciana
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
General Secretariat for Research and Technology
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Nella and Leon Benoziyo Center for Neurological Diseases, Weizmann Institute of Science
Israel Science Foundation
Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation
Israeli Centers for Research Excellence
Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique
Horizon 2020
British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund
European Regional Development Fund
Council on grants of the President of the Russian Federation
Fondation Partager le Savoir
National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
Institutul de Fizică Atomică

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