Maximal oxygen uptake, heat tolerance and rectal temperature

E. Shvartz, Y. Shapiro, H. Birnfeld, A. Magazanik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To determine the relation of rectal temperature (T rc) to Vo,max and heat tolerance, eight untrained, eight trained and five heat acclimated subjects (respective means ± SE for Vo,max in ml / kg min of 37.5 ± 1.6; 55.7 ± 1.5; and 54.5 ± 3.2) were tested in 3 conditions: 60 min of exercise at a fixed load of 35 W at room temperature of 23°C; 60 min of exercise at 35% Vo,max also at 23°C, and 3-hr of exercise in heat (40°C DB, 30oC WB). The heat-acclimated group showed the best heat tolerance, while the untrained group showed the poorest responses in heat. Exercise at 35 W resulted in higher heart rates shown by the untrained, compared with the other subjects, while equilibrium Tre were 37.6, 37.9, and 38.2°C, in the heat-acclimated, trained and untrained groups, respectively, with corresponding differences for resting Tre (36.7, 36.9, and 37.1 °C). During exercise at 35% Vo,max,the heat-acclimated group showed lower Tre than the trained group despite working at the same relative loads. T re during exercise at 35 W at 23°C correlated r = -70 with Vo2max and r = 0.80with T re during exercise in heat. These results show that Vo,max accounts for only part of the variability which determines the level ofT re in cool conditions with heat acclimatization accounting for the remainder of this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-260
Number of pages5
JournalMedicine and science in sports
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1978


  • Body heat storage
  • Core temperature
  • Heart rate
  • Heat acclimatization
  • Physical fitness
  • Work load


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