Maxillofacial trauma resulting from terror in Israel

Doron Ringler, Shmuel Einy, Adi Giveon, Liab Goldstein, Kobi Peleg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During a 33 month period, maxillofacial injuries resulting from terrorist attacks in Israel were compared with non-terror trauma maxillofacial injuries. Files of patients hospitalized from October 1, 2000 to June 30, 2003 were obtained from the Israel National Trauma Registry. Data were evaluated and compared with a hospitalized non-terror related trauma population within the same period. A literature survey was also conducted. Terror casualties totaled 1,811. In 493 patients with facial injuries, 322 had soft facial tissue injuries (excluding eyes and ears), and 104 had hard tissue injuries of the maxillofacial complex. A significantly higher prevalence was found in terror casualties (explosions and gunshots) compared with non-terror related casualties. Most suffered multiple injuries. Maxillofacial terror casualties experience a unique epidemiology, with more severe injuries and higher prevalence of soft and hard tissue injuries. Preparedness and awareness to the unique pattern of injuries are needed when terrorists strike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Epidemiology
  • Oral surgery
  • Terror
  • Trauma fracture


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