Maxillofacial trauma following road accidents—An 11-year multi-center study in Israel

Israel Trauma Group (ITG)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aim: Road traffic collisions (RTC) are known to be one of the major causes of maxillofacial trauma (MFT). The road user factor is of crucial importance in the prevalence, severity, and treatment of maxillofacial injuries. The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of maxillofacial trauma among road users, to illustrate injury patterns and to identify road users at high risk. Methods: This historical prospective multi-center study was based on Israel's Trauma Registry between 2008-2018, which included 4829 hospitalized patients following RTC with MFT. Data were analyzed according to six road user types (vehicle driver, passenger, bicyclist, motorcyclist, pedestrian, and e-bike/scooter), maxillofacial injury location, and maxillofacial treatment. Results: MFT, which accounted for 5% of the hospitalized RTC injuries, was not equally distributed among road users, as bicyclists and e-bike/scooters were more prone to maxillofacial trauma (7.2% and 10.1%, respectively) than vehicle drivers (3.2%). Children (age 0-14 years) comprised almost half of the cyclists, 25% of the pedestrians and 20% of the passengers. Some MFT patients experienced multiple injuries, with the majority involving jaw and facial bones and to a lesser extent the mouth, teeth, gingivae, and alveolar bone (mouth and dento-alveolar (DA) trauma). Approximately 30% of hospitalized road casualties with MFT underwent MF surgery, with the need for surgery lowest among pedestrians. Conclusion: Hospitalized road casualties had different types of MFT in terms of prevalence, location, severity, and treatment, depending on the road user type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-413
Number of pages7
JournalDental Traumatology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • bicycle rider
  • driver
  • maxillofacial trauma
  • pedestrian
  • road accidents
  • road user
  • surgery

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