Maxillary Tuberosity Fractures Following Third Molar Extraction, Prevalence, and Risk Factors

Tom Shmuly*, Orit Winocur-Arias, Adrian Kahn, Mordechai Findler, Iris Adam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of maxillary tuberosity fractures in an adult population and to examine the different risk factors associated with these fractures. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study; data was collected from medical records of patients who underwent a non-surgical extraction of a maxillary third molar tooth between January 2017 and March 2019. All extractions were performed by 2 maxillofacial specialists. Results: A total of 403 extracted maxillary third molar teeth were included in the study. Out of them 73 cases of tuberosity fractures were recorded (18.1%). No significant difference in the number of recorded fractures was found between the 2 surgeons. The mean age of patients was 32.8 ± 11.5. In the age group of 30 years and under a fractures rate of 12.1% was recorded compared to 25.0% in the age group of over 30 (P = 0.001). Divergent or extremely curved root morphology were associated with a higher risk for fractures (30.7%) compared to convergent root morphology (13.1%) (P < 0.001). Borderline significance (P = 0.069) was observed for extractions of teeth with caries lesions (21.9%) compared to teeth with no caries lesions (14.6%). Conclusions: The risk of developing a tuberosity fracture during an extraction of an upper wisdom tooth increases with age by 3.1% per year. Teeth with a caries lesion or teeth with divergent or extremely curved root morphology are associated with a higher risk for tuberosity fractures. Although, distoangular teeth had reduced risk of developing a tuberosity fractures. Data collected in this study may help to evaluate the risk factors associated with tuberosity fractures, and can assist in minimizing complications during extractions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E708-E712
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Maxillary third molar
  • third molar extraction
  • tuberosity fracture
  • upper wisdom tooth

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