Matter-wave solitons with the minimum number of particles in two-dimensional quasiperiodic potentials

Gennadiy Burlak, Boris A. Malomed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report results of systematic numerical studies of two-dimensional matter-wave soliton families supported by an external potential, in a vicinity of the junction between stable and unstable branches of the families, where the norm of the solution attains a minimum, facilitating the creation of the soliton. The model is based on the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the self-attractive condensate loaded into a quasiperiodic (QP) optical lattice (OL). The same model applies to spatial optical solitons in QP photonic crystals. Dynamical properties and stability of the solitons are analyzed with respect to variations of the depth and wave number of the OL. In particular, it is found that the single-peak solitons are stable or not in exact accordance with the Vakhitov-Kolokolov (VK) criterion, while double-peak solitons, which are found if the OL wave number is small enough, are always unstable against splitting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number057601
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 May 2012

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