Maternal obesity: Implications for pregnancy outcome and long-term risks-A link to maternal nutrition

Amir Aviram, Moshe Hod, Yariv Yogev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As obesity becomes a worldwide epidemic, its prevalence during reproductive age is also increased. Alarming reports state that two-thirds of adults in the USA are overweight or obese, with half of them in the latter category, and the rate of obese pregnant women is estimated at 18-38%. These women are of major concern to women's health providers because they encounter numerous pregnancy-related complications. Obesity-related reproductive health complications range from infertility to a wide spectrum of diseases such as hypertensive disorders, coagulopathies, gestational diabetes mellitus, respiratory complications, and fetal complications such as large-for- gestational-age infants, congenital malformations, stillbirth, and shoulder dystocia. Recent reports suggest that obesity during pregnancy can be a risk factor for developing obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases in the newborn later in life. This review will address the implication of obesity on pregnancy and child health, and explore recent literature on obesity during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S6-S10
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume115
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Maternal nutrition
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy outcomes
  • Weight gain

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