Maternal morbidity following caesarean deliveries with barbed suture for uterine closure

Raanan Meyer, Nataly Sharon, Eyal Sivan, Michal Fishel Bartal, Anat Kalter, Estela Derazne, Aviva Asher, Arnon Afek, Avi Shina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Information regarding the use of barbed suture in gynecologic surgery is limited. Our aim was to compare maternal morbidity following caesarean deliveries performed with barbed compared with non-barbed suture for uterine closure. Methods: A historical cohort study from a single tertiary institution. The study group composed of all women that underwent term, uncomplicated singleton caesarean deliveries, where uterine closure was performed with ETHICON’s Stratafix®, a polydioxanone barbed suture, compared with caesarean deliveries where uterine closure was performed with ETHICON’s VICRYL®, a Polyglactin 910 non-barbed suture. The primary outcomes were the rate of maternal morbidity including the rate of red packed cells transfusion and a composite of infectious morbidity. Operation duration was also evaluated. An analysis restricted to elective caesarean deliveries was performed comparing the suture types. Results: Three thousand and sixty patients were included in the study; 1337 in the study group and 1723 in the control group. There was no significant difference in the rate of the primary outcomes (red packed cells transfusion: 2.5% in the barbed suture vs. 2.1% in the non-barbed suture groups; p = 0.47; composite maternal morbidity: 3.8% vs. 4.8%, respectively; p = 0.18). Barbed suture was associated with reduced risk of postoperative ileus compared with the non-barbed suture (0.3% vs. 1.0%, respectively; p = 0.02) and a longer operation time (31 vs. 29 min, respectively; p < 0.001). In the analysis restricted to elective caesarean deliveries only the duration of operation remained significantly different between the groups. Conclusions: The rate of short term maternal morbidities among patients undergoing uterine closure with barbed suture during caesarean delivery is similar to the non-barbed suture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1252
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume300
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Barbed suture
  • Blood transfusion
  • Caesarean delivery
  • Duration of operation
  • Infectious morbidity
  • Maternal morbidity

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