MASS MEASUREMENTS of ISOLATED OBJECTS from SPACE-BASED MICROLENSING

Wei Zhu, S. Calchi Novati, A. Gould, A. Udalski, C. Han, Y. Shvartzvald, C. Ranc, U. G. Jorgensen, R. Poleski, V. Bozza, C. Beichman, G. Bryden, S. Carey, B. S. Gaudi, C. B. Henderson, R. W. Pogge, I. Porritt, B. Wibking, J. C. Yee, M. PawlakM. K. Szymański, J. Skowron, P. Mróz, S. Kozłowski, Wyrzykowski, P. Pietrukowicz, G. Pietrzyński, I. Soszyński, K. Ulaczyk, J. Y. Choi, H. Park, Y. K. Jung, I. G. Shin, M. D. Albrow, B. G. Park, S. L. Kim, C. U. Lee, S. M. Cha, D. J. Kim, Y. Lee, M. Friedmann, S. Kaspi, D. Maoz, M. Hundertmark, R. A. Street, Y. Tsapras, D. M. Bramich, A. Cassan, M. Dominik, E. Bachelet, Subo Dong, R. Figuera Jaimes, K. Horne, S. Mao, J. Menzies, R. Schmidt, C. Snodgrass, I. A. Steele, J. Wambsganss, J. Skottfelt, M. I. Andersen, M. J. Burgdorf, S. Ciceri, G. D'Ago, D. F. Evans, S. H. Gu, T. C. Hinse, E. Kerins, H. Korhonen, M. Kuffmeier, L. Mancini, N. Peixinho, A. Popovas, M. Rabus, S. Rahvar, R. Tronsgaard, G. Scarpetta, J. Southworth, J. Surdej, C. Von Essen, Y. B. Wang, O. Wertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report on the mass and distance measurements of two single-lens events from the 2015 Spitzer microlensing campaign. With both finite-source effect and microlens parallax measurements, we find that the lens of OGLE-2015-BLG-1268 is very likely a brown dwarf (BD). Assuming that the source star lies behind the same amount of dust as the Bulge red clump, we find the lens is a 45 ±7 BD at 5.9 ±1.0 kpc. The lens of of the second event, OGLE-2015-BLG-0763, is a 0.50 ±0.04 star at 6.9 ±1.0 kpc. We show that the probability to definitively measure the mass of isolated microlenses is dramatically increased once simultaneous ground- and space-based observations are conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume825
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • brown dwarfs
  • gravitational lensing: micro
  • stars: fundamental parameters

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