Marginal fit and retention strength of zirconia crowns cemented by self-Adhesive resin cements

R. Pilo*, M. Folkman, A. Arieli, S. Levartovsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The absolute marginal gap (AMG) precementation and postcementation and the retention of zirconia crowns cemented to standardized molar preparations (4310) by self-Adhesive resin cements (SARCs) were evaluated. The following SARCs were used: RelyX U-200 (RXU200; 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany), SmartCem 2 (SC2; Dentsply, Milford, DE, USA), and G-Cem Automix (GCA; GC, Alsip, IL, USA). The control adhesive resin cement was Panavia 21 (PAN; Kuraray Dental Co Ltd, Osaka, Japan). Twenty measuring locations at a constant interval along the margins were marked, and the AMG was measured by an image analysis system connected to a stereomicroscope (20×). The cemented copings were aged 270 days at 100% humidity and 37°C and then underwent 10,000 thermal cycles, 5°C-55°C. After aging, the crowns were tested for retention, and the debonded surfaces were examined at 33magnification. The mean marginal gaps precementation and postcementation were 34.8 ± 17.4 lm and 72.1 ± 31 μm, respectively, with no statistically significant differences between the cements. A significant difference (p≤0.001) in retention between the cements was found. The highest values were obtained for SC2 and GCA (1385 Pa and 1229 Pa, respectively), but these presented no statistically significant differences. The lowest values were found for PAN and RXU200 (738 Pa and 489 Pa, respectively), but these showed no statistically significant differences. The predominant mode of failure in all of the groups was mixed, and no correlations were found between marginal gap and retention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-161
Number of pages11
JournalOperative Dentistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018


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