For two graphs T and H with no isolated vertices and for an integer n, let ex(n, T, H) denote the maximum possible number of copies of T in an H-free graph on n vertices. The study of this function when T=K2 is a single edge is the main subject of extremal graph theory. In the present paper we investigate the general function, focusing on the cases of triangles, complete graphs, complete bipartite graphs and trees. These cases reveal several interesting phenomena. Three representative results are:(i)ex(n,K3,C5)≤(1+o(1))√3/2n3/2(ii)For any fixed m, s≥2m-2 and t≥(s-1)!+1, ex(n,Km,Ks,t)=Θ(nm-(m2)/s)(iii)For any two trees H and T one has ex(n, T, H)=Θ(nm) where m=m(T, H) is an integer depending on H and T (its precise definition is given in the introduction).The first result improves (slightly) an estimate of Bollobás and Gyori. The proofs combine combinatorial and probabilistic arguments with simple spectral techniques.
- Extremal Combinatorics
- Turán-type problems