Mannosidase IA is in Quality Control Vesicles and Participates in Glycoprotein Targeting to ERAD

Navit Ogen-Shtern, Edward Avezov, Marina Shenkman, Ron Benyair, Gerardo Z. Lederkremer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of a misfolded glycoprotein in mammalian cells requires the removal of 3–4 alpha 1,2 linked mannose residues from its N-glycans. The trimming and recognition processes are ascribed to ER Mannosidase I, the ER-degradation enhancing mannosidase-like proteins (EDEMs), and the lectins OS-9 and XTP3-B, all residing in the ER, the ER-derived quality control compartment (ERQC), or quality control vesicles (QCVs). Folded glycoproteins with untrimmed glycans are transported from the ER to the Golgi complex, where they are substrates of other alpha 1,2 mannosidases, IA, IB, and IC. The apparent redundancy of these enzymes has been puzzling for many years. We have now determined that, surprisingly, mannosidase IA is not located in the Golgi but resides in QCVs. We had recently described this type of vesicles, which carry ER α1,2 mannosidase I (ERManI). We show that the overexpression of alpha class I α1,2 mannosidase IA (ManIA) significantly enhances the degradation of ERAD substrates and its knockdown stabilizes it. Our results indicate that ManIA trims mannose residues from Man9GlcNAc2 down to Man5GlcNAc2, acting in parallel with ERManI and the EDEMs, and targeting misfolded glycoproteins to ERAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3194-3205
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume428
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • ER mannosidase
  • ER quality control
  • Golgi
  • glycosylation
  • mannose trimming

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