The attachment of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi to mouse peritoneal macrophages was inhibited by D-mannose, methyl α-D-mannopyranoside and yeast mannan, but not by any other sugar tested. D-Mannose and its derivatives also inhibited the attachment of E. coli to human polymorphonuclear leucocytes. Mannan inhibited phagocytosis when preincubated with E. coli, but not when preincubated with leucocytes. Attachment of opsonized bacteria to leucocytes was not inhibited by D-mannose or methyl α-D-mannopyranoside nor by any other sugar tested. Our results suggest that the surface of phagocytes, like that of epithelial cells, contains D-mannose residues which serve for the attachment of certain Gram negative bacteria.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 9 Sep 1977|