Manifestations of intense noise stimulation on spontaneous otoacoustic emission and threshold microstructure: Experiment and model

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Abstract

Idit Reshef (Haran) and Joseph Attias Institute for Noise Hazards Research and Evoked Potentials Laboratory, I.D. F., Chaim Sheba Medical Centre, Ramat Gan 52621, Israel Comparison between changes that occur simultaneously on spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) and on other cochlear origin phenomena can contribute to the understanding of cochlear micromechanical activity. The temporary changes that arise after short noise exposure are investigated in the following paper. The effects of noise exposure on the threshold microstructure near an SOAE and on the amplitude and frequency of the SOAE were measured. These experimental results indicate the following: (1) exposure to wideband noise for a short time causes a temporary reduction in the SOAE frequency and amplitude, and alters reversibly the threshold microstructure in the vicinity of the SOAE. The difference between the minimum and maximum in the threshold microstructure is reduced, and the frequency that yields the minimum threshold decreases; (2) the threshold at the SOAE frequency is most sensitive to noise exposure; (3) intense stimulation causes a relatively small increase, or even a decrease, in threshold at frequencies near the SOAE. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of a nonlinear transmission line model which includes nonlinear amplifiers. The effect of the noise exposure is modeled by reduction in the cochlear partition amplification term. Most of the experimental results are predicted by this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1014
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1992

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