Management and outcome of patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and intercurrent non-coronary precipitating events

Amir Sharon, Boris Fishman, Eias Massalha, Edward Itelman, Meir Mouallem, Paul Fefer, Israel M. Barbash, Amit Segev, Shlomi Matetzky, Victor Guetta, Ehud Grossman, Elad Maor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims To evaluate the effect of an intercurrent non-coronary illness on the management and outcome of patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods Consecutive hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of NSTEMI between August 2008 and December 2019 at Sheba and results Medical Center. All patients’ records were reviewed for the presence of a non-coronary precipitating event (NCPE): a major intercurrent acute non-coronary illness or condition, either cardiac or non-cardiac. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Cox regression with interaction analysis was applied. Final study population comprised 6491 patients, of whom 2621 (40%) had NCPEs. Patients with NCPEs were older (77 vs. 69 years) and more likely to have comorbidities. The most prevalent event was infection (35%, n = 922). During a median follow-up of 30 months, 2529 patients died. Patients with NCPEs were 43% more likely to die during follow-up in a multivariable model (95% CI: 1.31–1.55). Invasive strategy was associated with a 55% lower mortality among patients without NCPE and only 44% among patients with NCPE (P for interaction < 0.001). Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) was associated with a 20% lower mortality in patients without NCEP and a non-significant mortality difference among patients with NCPE (P for interaction = 0.014). Sub-analysis by the specific NCPE showed the highest mortality risk among patients with infectious precipitant. The lower mortality associated with invasive strategy was not observed in this subgroup. Conclusion Among NSTEMI patients, the presence of an NCPE is associated with poor survival and modifies the effect of management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-930
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • Dual antiplatelet therapy
  • Invasive strategy
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Precipitating event


Dive into the research topics of 'Management and outcome of patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and intercurrent non-coronary precipitating events'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this