Malignant melanoma and pregnancy: Second thoughts

Ehud Miller, Yoav Barnea, Eyal Gur, David Leshem, Eliad Karin, Jerry Weiss, Schlomo Schneebaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Malignant melanoma (MM) was considered a hormone-sensitive tumour, and pregnancy was thought to increase its risk and cause faster progression and earlier metastasis. Several controlled studies demonstrated similar survival rates between pregnant and non-pregnant patients and concluded that early reports of advanced MM of pregnancy were probably due to late diagnosis. We retrieved information from our database between 1997 and 2006 on all patients diagnosed as having MM during and up to 6 months after pregnancy (n = 11) and compared them to age-matched, non-pregnant, MM patients (n = 65, controls) treated by us during that period. The mean Breslow thickness was 4.28 mm for the pregnant patients and 1.69 mm for the controls (p = 0.15). The sentinel nodes were metastatic in five pregnant patients compared to four controls (p < 0.0001). Two patients in the pregnancy group and one control died of MM (p = 0.0532). Our results indicate a negative effect of pregnancy on the course of MM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1168
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Hormone
  • Melanoma
  • Pregnancy
  • Sentinel node

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