40 patients with malignant epithelial tumors of the hypopharynx were treated between the years 1959 - 1976. In all cases the histologic diagnosis was that of squamous cell carcinoma. The disease was most prevalent in males in the sixth and seventh decades. The anatomical sites most frequently affected were the postcricoid area/upper esophagus, and the pyriform fossa. The average interval from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was approximately five months. In the majority of cases the clinical stage of the disease at time of diagnosis was II or III. No case in stage IV was observed. The survival rates for three and five years were 28.6% and 20.6%, respectively. No comparisons between various treatment modalities could be made because of the small number of cases. Early diagnosis is undoubtedly the most important factor in improving prognosis, but elective radical neck dissection probably plays an important role in enhancing survival.
|State||Published - 1978|