Making Chord robust to Byzantine attacks

Amos Fiat*, Jared Saia, Maxwell Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Chord is a distributed hash table (DHT) that requires only O(log n) links per node and performs searches with latency and message cost O(log n), where n is the number of peers in the network. Chord assumes all nodes behave according to protocol. We give a variant of Chord which is robust with high probability for any time period during which: 1) there are always at least z total peers in the network for some integer z; 2) there are never more than (1/4 - ε)z Byzantine peers in the network for a fixed ε > 0; and 3) the number of peer insertion and deletion events is no more than zk for some tunable parameter k. We assume there is an adversary controlling the Byzantine peers and that the IP-addresses of all the Byzantine peers and the locations where they join the network are carefully selected by this adversary. Our notion of robustness is rather strong in that we not only guarantee that searches can be performed but also that we can enforce any set of "proper behavior" such as contributing new material, etc. In comparison to Chord, the resources required by this new variant are only a polylogarithmic factor greater in communication, messaging, and linking costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-814
Number of pages12
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science
StatePublished - 2005
Event13th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2005 - Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Duration: 3 Oct 20056 Oct 2005


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