Magnetic resonance imaging for prospective assessment of local recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer after stereotactic body radiation therapy

Zehavit Kirshenboim*, Christine Dan Lantsman, Sarit Appel, Maximiliano Klug, Amir Onn, Mylene T. Truong, Edith Michelle Marom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate multi-parametric MRI for distinguishing stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) induced pulmonary fibrosis from local recurrence (LR). Materials and methods: SBRT treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients suspected of LR by conventional imaging underwent MRI: T2 weighted, diffusion weighted imaging, dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) with a 5-minute delayed sequence. MRI was reported as high or low suspicion of LR. Follow-up imaging ≥12 months or biopsy defined LR status as proven LR, no-LR or not-verified. Results: MRI was performed between 10/2017 and 12/2021, at a median interval of 22.5 (interquartile range 10.5–32.75) months after SBRT. Of the 20 lesions in 18 patients: 4 had proven LR, 10 did not have LR and 6 were not verified for LR due to subsequent additional local and/or systemic therapy. MRI correctly identified as high suspicion LR in all proven LR lesions and low suspicion LR in all confirmed no-LR lesions. All proven LR lesions (4/4) showed heterogeneous enhancement and heterogeneous T2 signal, as compared to the proven no-LR lesions in which 7/10 had homogeneous enhancement and homogeneous T2 signal. DCE kinetic curves could not predict LR status. Although lower apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were seen in proven LR lesions, no absolute cut-off ADC value could determine LR status. Conclusion: In this pilot study of NSCLC patients after SBRT, multi-parametric chest MRI was able to correctly determine LR status, with no single parameter being diagnostic by itself. Further studies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107265
JournalLung Cancer
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Chest MRI
  • Local recurrence
  • Multi-parametric MRI
  • NSCLC
  • SBRT

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