Macroscopic and microscopic examination of the relationship between crack velocity and path and Rayleigh surface wave speed in single crystal silicon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The speed of Rayleigh surface waves, denoted CR, is the accepted upper limit for Mode I crack velocity in monolithic solids. In the current contribution, we discuss several critical issues associated with the velocity of Rayleigh surface waves and crack velocity in single crystal (SC) brittle solids, and the global and local influence of CR on crack path selection in particular. Recent cleavage experiments in SC silicon showed that crack velocity at certain cleavage planes and crystallographic orientations cannot exceed a small fraction of CR, and thereafter the crack deflects to other cleavage planes. Indeed, CR defined by the continuum mechanics ignores atomistic phenomena occurring during rapid crack propagation, and therefore is limited in predicting the crack velocity. Examination of these anomalies shows that this limitation lies in microstructural lattice arrangement and in anisotropic phonon radiation during rapid crack propagation. Globally, CR has no influence on the crack deflection phenomenon. However, the misfit in CR between the original plane of propagation and the deflected plane generates local instabilities along the deflection zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2742-2757
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cleavage
  • Crack deflection
  • Dynamic fracture
  • Energy dissipation
  • Free surface wave speed
  • Single crystal

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