Lower blepharoplasty

Morris E. Hartstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A standard ocular exam is part of the standard preoperative evaluation for lower blepharoplasty, especially checking for dry eye and previous LASIK surgery. The quality and amount of excess skin are noted. Lower lid laxity is evaluated by the distraction test and the snapback test. In lower lid blepharoplasty, it is crucial to address each of the layers of the lid complex: Skin, muscle, fat, vector, and the canthus. The technique is described as well as possible complications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCosmetic Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationArt and Techniques
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783642218378
ISBN (Print)9783642218361
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


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