Low-loss and energy efficient modulation in silicon photonic waveguides by adiabatic elimination scheme

Michael Mrejen, Haim Suchowski, Nicolas Bachelard, Yuan Wang, Xiang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High-speed Silicon Photonics calls for solutions providing a small footprint, high density, and minimum crosstalk, as exemplified by the recent development of integrated optical modulators. Yet, the performances of such modulators are hindered by intrinsic material losses, which results in low energy efficiency. Using the concept of Adiabatic Elimination, here, we introduce a scheme allowing for the low-loss modulation in densely packed waveguides. Our system is composed of two waveguides, whose coupling is mediated by an intermediate third waveguide. The signal is carried by the two outer modes, while the active control of their coupling is achieved via the intermediate dark mode. The modulation is performed by the manipulation of the central-waveguide mode index, leaving the signal-carrying waveguides unaffected by the loss. We discuss how Adiabatic Elimination provides a solution for mitigating signal losses and designing relatively compact, broadband, and energy-efficient integrated optical modulators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033105
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jul 2017

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