Low-dose adrenocorticotropin test reveals impaired adrenal function in patients taking inhaled corticosteroids

J. Broide, R. Soferman, S. Kivity, A. Golander, G. Dickstein, Z. Spirer, Y. Weisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the use of low-dose ACTH-(1-24) stimulation for assessment of adrenal function and the detection of mild adrenal insufficiency. The criteria for normal response to ACTH-(1-24) are a peak cortisol level of more than 500 nmol/L (18.1 μg/dL) and an increment of the cortisol level above the basal one of more than 200 nmol/L (7.2 μg/dL). These criteria were satisfied by 32 of 33 healthy children and adults subjected to an ACTH-(1-24) dose 500 times lower (0.5 μg/1.73 m2) than the dose of 250 μg in the standard test. At 20 min, the peak cortisol level was the same in the low-dose test [(621 ± 28 nmol/L) (22.5 ± 1.0 microgram/dL)] as in the standard ACTH test [(654 ± 31 nmol/L) (23.7 ± 1.1 microgram/dL)]. Of 46 asthmatic patients who had been treated with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (482 ± 42 μg/m2 daily; n = 32) or budesonide (507 ± 62 μg/m2 daily; n = 14) for over 6 months, 16 (35%) failed to reach a cortisol peak of more than 500 nmol/L (18.1 μg/dL) following stimulation with 0.5 μg ACTH-(1-24)/1.73 m2. Of these, 11 (24%) showed a cortisol increment of less than 200 nmol/L (7.2 μg/dL). These 16 patients, showing insufficient response to low-dose ACTH-(1-24), also had a significantly lower (P < 0.01) mean 24-h urinary free cortisol excretion [(71 ± 10 nmol/m2.24 h) (25.7 ± 3.6 μg/m2.24 h)] than patients who responded normally [(118 ± 11 nmol/m2.24 h) (42.8 ± 4.0 μg/m2.24 h). Nonetheless, all but one of the poor responders to a 0.5 microgram ACTH showed normal stimulation with the standard 250 μg ACTH test. Therefore, it appears that a low-dose ACTH test is capable of revealing mild adrenal insufficiency, which is not detected by the standard high-dose ACTH test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1246
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995

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