Loop memory of posterior chamber intraocular lenses of various sizes, designs, and loop materials

Ehud I. Assia, Ulrich F.C. Legler, Victoria E. Castaneda, David J. Apple*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Looped intraocular lenses (IOLs) fixate by exerting centripetal pressure on the ocular tissues. The ability of the flexible loops to maintain pressure depends on their rigidity (i.e., resistance to flexion) and their "memory" (i.e., ability to restore original configuration after a long period of compression). We studied the memory of 30 different posterior chamber IOLs, with loops made of polypropylene (PP) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), of various diameters, styles, and designs. The lenses were inserted into plastic wells, 9.5 mm in diameter, and immersed in water (37°C) for one month. They were then placed on an open plate and allowed to re-expand for one month. Loop memory was calculated as the difference in diameter between the initial (pretest) measurement and measurements taken during the compression and release periods. The results showed that short (12.0 to 12.5 mm) IOLs had relatively better memory than longer (13.5 to 14.0 mm) IOLs. Those with PP loops expanded more and for longer periods than those of comparable size and design with PMMA loops. One-piece, all-PMMA lenses exhibited the best loop memory. These lenses have the high rigidity of the PMMA material and the good memory of the design. Thus, the total IOL diameter can be reduced to 12.0 mm while providing long-term constant pressure on the capsular bag to maintain stable fixation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-546
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • flexible looped intraocular lens
  • memory
  • poly(methyl methacrylate)
  • polypropylene
  • posterior chamber lens


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