Longitudinal study of serum uric acid, nutritional status, and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients

Ilia Beberashvili*, Anatoli Erlich, Ada Azar, Inna Sinuani, Leonid Feldman, Oleg Gorelik, Kobi Stav, Shai Efrati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectives We hypothesized that longitudinal changes in uric acid (UA) may have independent associations with changes in nutritional parameters over time and consequently, long-term survival of patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We conducted a retrospective, longitudinal cohort study of a clinical database containing the medical records of patients on maintenance hemodialysis receiving dialysis between June of 1999 and December of 2012 in a single center; 200 patients (130 men and 70 women) with a median age of 69.0 (interquartile range, 59.3–77.0) years old were included in the study. Dietary intake, biochemical markers of nutrition, anthropometric measurements, and UA levels were recorded at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months followed by 15 additional months of clinical observations. The patients were followed until January 31, 2015 (median follow-up was 38.0 [interquartile range, 30.0–46.8] months). Results In a linear mixed effects model adjusted for baseline demographics and clinical parameters, each 1.0-mg/dl longitudinal increase in UA was associated with a 13.4% slower rate of decline in geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) levels over 3 years of observation (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.11 to 0.39; P<0.001 for UA × time interaction). UA remained associated with the rate of change in GNRI, even after controlling for C-reactive protein. During the follow-up, 87 (43.5%) all-cause and 38 (19.0%) cardiovascular deaths were reported. For each 1.0-mg/dl increase in serum UA over time, the multivariate adjusted all–cause mortality hazard ratio using Cox models with the effect of time-varying risk was 0.83 (95% CI, 0.74 to 0.95; P<0.01), which continued to be significant, even after including the baseline GNRI levels in this model: 0.89 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.98; P=0.02). Conclusions Longitudinal changes in serum UA seem to track with changes in nutritional status over time, and these changes are associated with survival of patients on maintenance hemodialysis. An increase in serum UA levels over time is accompanied by improvement of nutritional status and lower mortality rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1023
Number of pages9
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Cohort studies
  • Geriatric nutritional risk index
  • Hemodialysis
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Mortality
  • Nutrition
  • Nutritional status
  • Uric acid

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