Longitudinal predictors of non-aggressive agitated behaviors in the elderly

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield*, Perla Werner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Longitudinal predictors of physically and verbally non-aggressive inappropriate behaviors were examined in 200 community-dwelling elderly persons attending senior day care centers. Models based on ratings obtained from staff members and family caregivers were compared. Multiple factors contributed simultaneously to the prediction of non-aggressive behaviors. Similar to previous cross-sectional results, physically non-aggressive behaviors were predicted mainly by good health and cognitive impairment. In addition, depression emerged consistently as a predictor of physically non-aggressive behaviors in all models. Verbally non-aggressive behaviors were predicted by depressed affect and pain, confirming previous suggestions that these behaviors are related to discomfort. The relationship of these behaviors with cognitive functioning was relatively weak. Understanding the etiologies of non-aggressive problem behaviors can aid in developing appropriate care for this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-844
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
National Institute on AgingR01AG008675


    • Agitated behaviors
    • Longitudinal predictors
    • Non-aggressive behavior
    • Nursing homes
    • Pacing


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