Longitudinal Genotype-Phenotype (Vineland Questionnaire) Characterization of 15 ADNP Syndrome Cases Highlights Mutated Protein Length and Structural Characteristics Correlation with Communicative Abilities Accentuated in Males

Jospeh Levine, Alexandra Lobyntseva, Shula Shazman, Fahed Hakim, Illana Gozes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) is essential for neurodevelopment and de novo mutations in ADNP cause the ADNP syndrome. From brain pathologies point of view, tauopathy has been demonstrated at a young age, implying stunted development coupled with early/accelerated neurodegeneration. Given potential genotype–phenotype differences and age-dependency, we have assessed here a cohort of 15 individuals (1–27-year-old), using 1–3 longitudinal parent (caretaker) interview/s (Vineland 3 questionnaire) over several years. Our results indicated developmental delays, or even developmental arrests, coupled with potential spurts of development at early ages. Severe outcomes correlated with the truncating high impact mutation, in other words, the remaining mutated protein length as well as with the tested individual age, corroborating the hypothesis of developmental delays coupled with accelerated aging. A significant correlation was noted between mutated protein length and communication, implying a high impact of ADNP on communicative skills. Additionally, correlations were discovered between the two previously described epi-genetic signatures in ADNP emphasizing aberrant acquisition of motor behaviors, with truncating mutations around the nuclear localization signal being mostly affected. Finally, all individuals seem to acquire an age equivalent of 1–6 years, requiring disease modification treatment, such as the ADNP-derived drug candidate, NAP (davunetide), which has recently shown efficacy in women suffering from the neurodegenerative disorder, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), a late-onset tauopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
Tel Aviv University

    Keywords

    • ADNP syndrome
    • Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP)
    • Helsmoortel-van der Aa syndrome (HVDAS)
    • Vineland 3 questionnaire

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