Long-Term Outcomes of Tachycardia-Induced Cardiomyopathy Compared with Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Moshe Katz*, Amit Meitus, Michael Arad, Anthony Aizer, Eyal Nof, Roy Beinart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: data on the natural course and prognosis of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TICMP) and comparison with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathies (IDCM) are scarce. Objective: To compare the clinical presentation, comorbidities, and long-term outcomes of TICMP patients with IDCM patients. Methods: a retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized with new-onset TICMP or IDCM. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, thromboembolic events, assist device, heart transplantation, and ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF). The secondary endpoint was recurrent hospitalization due to heart failure (HF) exacerbation. Results: the cohort was comprised of 64 TICMP and 66 IDCM patients. The primary composite endpoint and all-cause mortality were similar between the groups during a median follow-up of ~6 years (36% versus 29%, p = 0.33 and 22% versus 15%, p = 0.15, respectively). Survival analysis showed no significant difference between TICMP and IDCM groups for the composite endpoint (p = 0.75), all-cause mortality (p = 0.65), and hospitalizations due to heart failure exacerbation. Nonetheless, the incidence of recurrent hospitalization was significantly higher in TICMP patients (incidence rate ratio 1.59; p = 0.009). Conclusions: patients with TICMP have similar long-term outcomes as those with IDCM. However, it portends a higher rate of HF readmissions, mostly due to arrhythmia recurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1412
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • arrhythmia
  • atrial fibrillation
  • cardiomyopathy
  • heart failure
  • premature ventricular beats


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