Long-term outcomes of metallic endobronchial stents in lung transplant recipients are not affected by bacterial colonization

Shimon Izhakian*, Walter G. Wasser, Baruch Vainshelboim, Barak Pertzov, Oleg Gorelik, Mordechai R. Kramer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations of endobronchial stenting with airway bacterial colonization, the antimicrobial resistance profile, hospitalizations for pneumonia and survival in lung transplant recipients. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-centre study of 582 recipients of lung transplant during 2002-2018. We compared outcomes of 57 patients (9.7%) who received endobronchial stents (intervention group) to a control group of 57 patients without stents who were matched one to one for age, sex, year of transplantation, unilateral/bilateral transplantation and underlying disease. RESULTS: For the intervention compared to the control group, airway colonization was more common for Pseudomonas (86% vs 35%, P < 0.001), Acinetobacter (21% vs 7%, P = 0.05), Klebsiella (21% vs 5%, P = 0.02) and Staphylococcus species (11% vs 0%, P = 0.02). The respective proportions of patients with positive bronchoalveolar lavage cultures on the third post-transplantation day, the day of stent insertion and 6-month post-stent insertion were 47.4%, 50.9% and 65.4% for Pseudomonas sp.; 15.8%, 12.3% and 3.8% for Klebsiella sp.; and 8.8%, 5.3% and 5.8% for Acinetobacter sp. The mean number of hospitalizations for pneumonia per patient was higher, without statistical significance, in the intervention than the control group (1.5 ± 1.7 vs 0.9 ± 1.5, P = 0.1). Kaplan-Meier survival curves did not show a statistically significant difference between the intervention group and the entire group without endobronchial stents (n = 525) (P = 0.4). CONCLUSIONS: Lung transplant recipients with endobronchial stents were more likely to be colonized with pathologic bacteria and having pneumonia; however, stent placement was not associated with increased long-term mortality with appropriate stent maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Bacterial colonization
  • Endobronchial stent
  • Lung transplantation
  • Mortality
  • Pneumonia


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